Word Family Friday: Sun

Proto-Indo-European <*sóh₂wl̥>: “sun”
-> Balto-Slavic <*saul>: “sun”
–> Lithuanian <sáulė>: “sun”
–> Slavic <*sъlnьce>: “sun”
—> Russian <со́лнце> (sólnce): “sun”
—> Polish <słońce>: “sun”
-> Celtic <*sāwol>
–> Brythonic <heol>
—> Welsh <haul>: “sun”
—> Cornish <howl>: “sun”
–> Old Irish <súil>: “eye” (from the sun as the eye of the sky)
—> Irish <súil>: “eye”
—> Manx <sooill>: “eye”
-> Italic <*swōl>: “sun”
–> Latin <sōl>: “sun”
—> Spanish <sol>: “sun”
—> Italian <sole>: “sun”
—> Breton <Sul>: “sun”, replaced Brythonic <heol>
—> Vulgar Latin <*soliculus>: “sun”
—-> French <soleil>: “sun”
—> Latin <sōlāris>: “related to the sun, sunny”
—-> English, etc. <solar>
—-> Latin <sōlārium>: “sundial, sunny terrace”
—–> English, etc. <solarium>
—–> Dutch <zolder>: “attic”
-> Ancient Greek <ἥλιος> (hḗlios): “sun, God of the Sun”
–> Greek <ήλιος> (ílios): “sun”
–> New Latin <helium>: “noble gas with atomic number 2, helium” (first identified in the spectral emission lines of light from the Sun)
—> English <helium>
—> Translingual <He>: chemical symbol for Helium
-> Indo-Iranian <*súHar>: “sun”
–> Iranian
—> Avestan <𐬵𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬭𐬇> (huuarə̄): “sun”
—> Persina <خور> (xōr): “sun”
—-> Persian <خورشیدی> (xoršidi, Khurshid, Khorshid): “sunlight, male given name”
—–> Turkish <Hurşit>: “male given name”
–> Indo-Aryan
—> Sanskrit <स्वर्> (svàr): “sun”
—-> Sanskrit <सूर्य> (sū́rya): “sun, God of the Sun”
—–> Hindi <सूरज> (sūraj): “sun”
—–> Tamil <சூரியன்> (cūriyaṉ): “sun”
—–> Sanskrit <सूर्य नमस्कार> (sū́rya namaskāra): “sun salutation, yoga routine”
——-> English <Surya Namaskara>/<Sun salutation>: “yoga routine”
-> Germanic <*sōwulō>: “sun”
–> Old Norse, Icelandic <sól> :”sun”
—> Norwegian, Swedish, Danish <sol>: “sun”
—-> Norweigan <soloppgang>: “sunrise” (sun-up-going)
-> Proto-Indo-European <*sh̥₂uén>, oblique form of <*sóh₂wl̥>
–> Germanic <*sunnǭ>: “sun”
—> English <sun>
—-> English <sunglasses>
—–> Japanese <サングラス> (sangurasu): “sunglasses”
—> Dutch <zon>: “sun”
—> German <Sonne>: “sun”
—-> Yiddish <זון> (zun): “sun”
—> Germanic <sunthraz>: “south, sunward”
—-> Old English <sūþ>: “south”
—–> English <south>
—–> French <sud> (Latin words for cardinal directions, in this case <auster>/<meridies>, were replaced or supplemented in most Romance languages by borrowings from Old English. Weird.)
—–> Italian <sud>
—–> Spanish <sur>
—–> Portuguese <sul>
—-> Dutch <zuid>: “south”
—–> German <Süd>: “south” (replaced older German <sunt>)
—-> Old Norse <suðr>
—–> Norweigan <sør>: “south”
—–> Swedish <söder>: “south”
—–> Danish <syd>: “south”

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