Word Family Friday: Textile

Beginning of May theme of textiles.

This is a big one. English highlights: text, texture, textile, toilet, subtle, technology, architect, dachshund, Tesla

Proto-Indo-European <*teḱs->: “weave, braid, add, establish, construct”
-> Latin <texere>: “to weave”
–> French <tisser>: “to weave, plait”
–> Spanish <tejer>: “to knit, weave”
–> Italian <tessere>: “to weave, plot”
–> Latin <textūra>: “weaving, texture”
—> French <texture>: “texture”
—> English <texture>
—> Spanish <textura>: “texture”
–> Latin <textus>: “texture or style of a work of art”
—> Medieval Latin <textus>: “treatise, text”
—-> French <texte>: “text”
—–> English <text>
—-> Russian <текст> (tekst): “text, wording, lyrics”
–> Latin <textilis>: “woven”
—> Latin <textile>: “fabric, textile”
—-> English <textile>
–> Latin <tēla>: “loom, web”
—> French <toile>: “fabric, cloth, spider web”
—-> French <toilette>: “small cloth” by extension, “washing, personal grooming” and “place for washing/performing personal grooming”
—–> English <toilet>
—> Italian <tela>: “cloth, canvas, theater curtain”
—> Spanish <tela>: “cloth”
—> Latin <subtīlis>: “fine, thin, slender” (under cloth? less cloth?)
—-> French <subtil>: “subtle”
—–> English <subtle>
-> Proto-Indo-European <*teḱs-neh₂>
–> Ancient Greek <τέχνη> (tékhnē): “craft, skill, art”
—> Ancient Greek <τεχνολογία> (tekhnología): “systematic treatment of art and craft”
—-> English <technology>
—> Latin <technicus> “technical, technology”
—-> English <technical>
—-> French <technique>: “technical”
—–> English <technique>
-> Proto-Indo-European <*tétḱ-ō>
–> Ancient Greek <τέκτων> (téktōn): “craftsman, carpenter, builder”
—> Ancient Greek <ἀρχιτέκτων> (arkhitéktōn): “chief builder, architect”
—-> Latin <architectus>: “architect, inventor, author”
—-> French <architecte>: “architect”
—–> English <architect>
—-> Russian <архите́ктор> (arxitéktor): “architect”
—> Ancient Greek <τεκτονικός> (tektonikós): “pertaining to building”
—-> Latin <tectonicus>: “pertaining to building, architectural”
—–> English <tectonic>: “relating to construction or architecture; (geology) relating to the Earth’s lithosphere”
-> Proto-Indo-European <*tḗtḱ-ti>: “to hew”
–> Balto-Slavic <*téśtei>: “to hew”
—> Baltic
—-> Latvian <test>: “to beat, knock about”
—> Slavic <*tesàti>: “to hew”
—-> Russian <теса́ть> (tesátʹ): “to adze, cut, hew”
—-> Polish <ciosać>: “to hew”
–> Indo-Iranian
—> Indo-Aryan
—-> Sanskrit <तक्षति> (tákṣati): “to cut, split, fashion out of wood”
—–> Telugu <తక్షణి> (takṣaṇi): “adze”
—> Iranian <*taš->: “to make, construct; to cut”
—-> Avestan <𐬀𐬎𐬎𐬌 𐬙𐬁𐬱𐬙𐬌> (auui tāšti): “make with carpentry”
—-> Persian <تش> (taš): “hatchet, axe”
—-> Old Armenian <տաշեմ> (tašem): “to rough hew, plane, polish, smooth”
—–> Armenian <տաշել> (tašel): “to cut, hew, polish, smooth”
-> Proto-Indo-European <*tetḱ-(dʰ)lo->: “adze” (woodworking tool)
–> Slavic <*tesla>: “adze”
—> Russian <тесло́> (tesló): “adze”
—> Serbo-Croatian <те̏сла> (tȅsla): “adze”
—-> Serbo-Croatian <Тесла> (Tesla): occupational surname
—–> English <tesla>: “ISU derived unit of magnetic inductivity” (after Nikolai Tesla)
—> Middle Polish <ciosła>: “adze”
—-> Polish <cieślica>: “adze”
—-> Polish <cieśla>: “carpenter”
–> Celtic <*tāxslos>: “adze”
—> Primitive Irish <ᚈᚐᚂᚐᚌᚅᚔ> (talagni): “adze”
—-> Irish <tál>: “adze”
–> Germanic <þehslō>: “adze”
—> German <Dechsel>: “adze”
—> Swedish <däxel>: “adze”
-> Germanic <*þahsuz>: “badger” (building animal)
–> Frankish <þahs>: “badger”
—> Dutch <das>: “badger”
—-> Afrikaans <das>, <dassie>: “hyrax”
—–> English <dassie>: “hyrax”
—> Vulgar Latin <taxus>, <taxō>: “badger”
—-> Italian <tasso>: “badger”
—–> Italian <Tasso>: Lombard noble house who established postal systems in Italy and the Holy Roman Empire
——> French <de la Tour et Tassis>: the same noble house
——-> German <Thurn und Taxis>: the same noble house
——–> English <Princess TNT>: “Gloria, Princess of Thurn and Taxis”
—-> Old French <taisson>: “badger”
—–> Middle French <taisniere>: “badger den”
——> French <tanière>: “den, lair, hideout”
—-> Spanish <tejón>: “badger”
—–> Mexican Spanish <tejón>: “coati”
–> Old High German <dahs>: “badger”
—> German <Dachs>: “badger”
—-> German <Dachshund>: “breed of dog for hunting badgers and other burrow animals”
—–> English <dachshund>
—> Yiddish <דאַקס> (daks): “badger”
–> Gothic
—> Visigothic
—-> Portuguese <texugo>: “badger”
–> Germanic <*agiþahsijǭ>: “lizard, newt” (lizard-badger)
—> English <ask>: “newt” (dialectal)
—> Dutch <hagedis>: “lizard”
—-> Afrikaans <akkedis>: “lizard”
—> German <Echse>, <Eidechse>: “lizard”
—-> Yiddish <עקדיש> (ekdish): “scorpion”

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